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http://www.soundrider.com/Jan06/stupid_hurts.htm

Stupid Hurts
By David L. Hough

We’ve had a number of motorcyclist fatalities in our little town, and I suspect that it’s the same story all across America. I’m sad for the families of the deceased riders, but I’m angry that so many motorcyclists put themselves in danger. The prevailing attitudes among motorcyclists seem to be that "anyone can do it," and "no special skills are needed." People who are otherwise prudent about life seem willing to hop on a motorcycle and zoom off into traffic with almost no practice or study.



Our latest victim was an off-duty police officer who was riding with some friends on a Sunday afternoon. She was 27 years old, popular, and at the prime of her career. According to the State Patrol, her motorcycle "failed to negotiate a right curve." "The motorcycle crossed the centerline and struck the right front bumper of a southbound pickup truck that was towing a boat trailer…the rider was pronounced dead at the scene." The news article notes that her bike was a 2004 Yamaha, but says nothing about her licensing status or experience level.

Later in the week, headlines read: "Police bid a solemn farewell." A procession of about 50 police and emergency vehicles delivered the flag-draped coffin to the high school auditorium for a memorial service where hundreds of mourners honored her memory.

I’m sure that no one in our community would want to hear that she might have done it to herself, but in the case of many self-inflicted fatalities that’s the sad truth. Her friends all made the corner—she didn’t. A motorcycle going wide in a turn is an indication the rider didn’t know how to corner. And since the bike was less than a year old, we know that she hadn’t had much experience with that machine—and we might suspect she hadn’t been motorcycling very long. It’s entirely possible she had never learned to countersteer, or had heard about it but never gotten it between her ears.

Did her friends know she was inexperienced, but assumed that she would absorb the necessary skills by just getting out and riding? Did any of her riding buddies explain cornering techniques to her, or suggest taking a training course, or loan her copies of books that might have expanded her knowledge and skill? We don’t know. The tears are flowing now that she’s dead, but apparently there wasn’t enough concern when she was still alive and struggling to figure out how to control her motorcycle.



Illustration: Do those new riders understand basic control skills such as countersteering? Show ‘em a picture. Loan ‘em a book.

Just yesterday I was driving my SUV out of the hardware store parking lot. The lot is two lanes in at the east end, and two lanes out at the west end. It’s a two-lane street with a center turn lane. At the exit, I observed a motorcycle approaching from the west, but the rider gave no indication he might be turning. Then as I started to pull out, he suddenly darted into the center turn lane, and leaned into a left turn. Halfway into the street, I braked to a stop. He circled around in front of me and rode into the exit. No signal, no braking, no concern that a collision with a 4,000 lb truck might hurt. And no acknowledgment that he was going the wrong way or that I had braked to avoid hitting him.

I bring up this example of "asking for it" because the world is full of drivers who are not concerned about motorcycles, and therefore motorcycles do not register on their mental radar. This rider could just as easily have turned in front of an inattentive driver, and the impact could have been fatal. And of course the following week there could have been another memorial service with tears and quavering speeches about how he loved motorcycles, and what a great father he had been.

When I first started riding, I felt that motorcyclists who crashed were victims of something out of their control. With more experience, I realized that many riders did it to themselves. One day I was in line for the signal light, waiting to pull out onto the main highway. A rider in street clothes zipped by me on the wrong side of the road, and attempted to carve off on a side road, oblivious to the white lines being covered in dew. His tires slid out, the bike low-sided, and he slid along for a few feet sanding off bits of shoes and clothing. Fortunately, it was a slow-speed crash.

The surprised rider picked himself up with a shocked expression, staring at his bloody palms. I didn’t stop to assist, I just motored on when the light turned green. I wouldn’t have been sympathetic. I’d probably have said, "who do you think you are, superman? If you aren’t hurt, I’ll give you a couple of healthy kicks in the ass with my steel-toe boot to further your education."

Stupid Riding Ticks Me Off

What angers me about stupid riding is that it’s unnecessary. Why risk your life riding on public roads before you learn how to corner? Why risk your life just to get into a parking lot a few seconds sooner? I suppose the answers include motorcyclists not knowing how to control a motorcycle proficiently, not understanding what danger looks like, or just not being aware that motorcycles require considerable knowledge and skill.



Photo: When inexperienced riders join your group, don’t assume they know how to handle corners like this slippery, downhill right-hander. Take the new riders aside and offer some skills tips. Or, loan them a copy of a good skills book. If you don’t help them, who will?

Back up again to that left-turning motorcyclist at the hardware store. His riding tactics really sucked. He didn’t help the situation by sudden moves without signaling, or riding into an exit rather than going down to the marked entrance. More importantly, he didn’t seem to recognize that SUVs are much more hazardous to motorcyclists than are smaller vehicles. If you slam into the side of a Civic or Corolla, the thin metal will absorb a lot of energy as it crumples, and you’ll probably go sailing over the top to slide down the pavement. But if you slam into a truck-based SUV, it’s not going to bend much, and it’s too tall to clear. So there’s a good chance you’ll bash your body into the side.

To put this another way, the riders I’ve mentioned shared the sin of not understanding what danger looks like, or what to do about it. They were basically deficient on mental skills. So, how do we expect such riders to get smarter? The track schools aren’t much help in learning about street hazards. And the latest MSF Experienced RiderCourse has been "dumbed down."

I’ve written two books on street riding skills, "Proficient Motorcycling" and "More Proficient Motorcycling." I occasionally offer an article (such as this one) for posting on Sound RIDER! And I’ve also offered seminars at various rallies, where we can discuss riding skills. After one seminar a couple of years ago, a participant came up and said, "Dave, you know there was not one question in the seminar that you haven’t already answered in your books."

I explained that humans have different learning styles. Some people can learn by reading. Others have difficulty. Some people can only learn by talking about something, others only by trial-and-error. That’s why it’s important to have books, seminars and training courses. We need a variety of learning opportunities to match the variety of different adult learning styles.

At the Sportbike Northwest rally this summer I did a seminar on cornering tactics for public roads. Some riders participated, others made a point of sitting nearby and talking loudly among themselves. Was a seminar needed for a group of apparently experienced sport riders? Well, during the event several of those "experienced" riders managed to crash. Is there any relationship between those who ignore information and those who crash? Could it be that even "experienced" riders could learn some little tidbit that might help avoid a crash?

"Emergency" Avoidance Skills

The Motorcycle Safety Foundation has always been big on emergency avoidance maneuvers, especially braking and swerving. Their original concept was to figure out what "accident-involved" riders were doing wrong, and then teach the missing skills. MSF courses were heavily influenced by results of the "Hurt Report" that showed a high percentage of riders crashing into cars without taking any evasive action. Ergo: "let’s teach ‘em to do emergency swerves and quick stops."

That made sense to me as a new instructor back in 1980, but eventually I realized that we can’t depend on "emergency" maneuvers. The human brain is wired so that in an emergency situation we react based on habits, and then think about it later. In other words, if you’re dumb enough to not brake for an SUV that’s about to turn across your path, your habits will determine what happens next. If you’re in the habit of just rolling off the gas, you’ll slow down gradually, right up to impact. If maximum effort braking is a no-brainer for you, you might do an aggressive quick stop. And if you’re in the habit of not braking once you’re committed to a turn, you’ll motor ahead. The point is, you won’t squander time on thinking, you’ll just do it.

That’s why I suggest finding some twisty road and riding it aggressively, so you’ll make powerful steering and braking inputs part of your habit patterns. If you live out in the flatlands where there aren’t any good twisty roads, you could practice cornering and braking skills in a controlled situation such as a cornering range.

There is a practice cornering range in More Proficient Motorcycling that’s been painted down in various locations around the country. The Idaho State Police are using it for officer training. Team Oregon follows the same idea, but they use a go cart track. Personally, I think rally participants would gain skill quickly by riding such a cornering range. Or, perhaps your local club could find some pavement and set it up. There are detailed instructions for laying out and running the PM Cornering Range in the book.



Illustration: The PM Cornering Range

So, what’s important? Skills or Knowledge?

The emphasis on "emergency skills" in training courses has led us to believe that control skills are where we should focus. Certainly, it’s important to know how to corner, how to shift gears without sliding the rear tire, how to brake hard without falling down. But eventually most of us realize that what’s really important is to know what trouble looks like, and how to avoid riding into it.

A young, "bulletproof" rider might have the reflexes to ride dumbly into bad situations and then survive with split second maneuvers. 9 out of 10 they make it. But long-term survival demands that we look farther ahead, spot potential problems early, and just make small adjustments in line or speed to avoid a dangerous situation.

Frankly, if you’re still experiencing lots of close calls, you’re not using your brain enough. If you don’t spot a driver about to turn left until he’s smack in front of you, it means you weren’t paying enough attention to traffic around you. If you come over a hill and suddenly have to brake hard to avoid a truck backing out of a driveway, that means you were riding too fast for your sight distance at the moment. It’s important to spot dynamic patterns that could lead to a collision, and take action soon enough to get out of the way. Veteran riders typically have few close calls because they have developed proficient mental skills.

There are a number of other riding skills books available by well-known motorcycle racers, including Nick Ienatsch, Keith Code, and Reg Pridmore. These "track oriented" books are helpful for fast cornering, but that’s also the drawback. They are focused primarily on track skills rather than riding on public roads. Whitehorse Press has reworked the MSF’s book, "Motorcycling Excellence" into a second edition that now includes tidbits of advice by various famous road racers plus some traffic scenarios by an author you’ll probably recognize. This is a good book to give to any new riders in your circle of friends. It might help them avoid a fatal accident while they’re figuring it all out.

Please. Let’s get smarter about riding on public roads. Stupid hurts.
 

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The truck in this story was my sister's! She called me up pretty hysterical. The motorcyclist was also riding in a group and trying to catch up. Remember, when riding on the streets and especially in a group, it is not a race. And double yellow lines in a turn are there for a purpose. This was up in the Sequim area. Good read Beans! And here I thought it was going to be boring and was almost going to hit back on my toolbar!
 

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slim

David L. Hough is the author of the article posted. He is very well versed on safe riding techniques, and all around good guy. I had the plesure of meeting him at the very first Sportbikes Nortwest in Stevenson, WA.

you can find both his books at most major booksellers like Walden or Barnes & Noble.

They even sell his books at the CROT up at Deals Gap. :crackup :crackup :crackup

Hope this helps
-Will
 

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Good but sobering read. I'm typally one of the faster guys in most of my group rides and try to empasize to beginner/novice riders it is not important to me whether or not they keep up or even pass me but that they ride at their own pace. Some take that as arrogance on my part..others are thankful I care enough to mention it.:cool
 

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Very nice write up.......from a newbee this is some great information. I wish we can get some date's up for like the Motorcycle training day like discribed above......also i'm definetly getting all of thoughs books....hey beans, on that picture of the counter-steering, i've never experienced that, maybe i was going too slow? One day i was riding and it was a pretty sharp right turn (like an exit) and i was going about 40 and i felt the bike trying to pull me to the left, so i pressed on the front and back brake evenly cuz it was a little wet and it felt kinda scary at first, is this counter-steering?, or is this something else? And how can i prevent this from happening?
 

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hey ZX just travel at a easy/steady pace and give one side of your bars a sharp push, if you push on the left the bike will fall to the right and vice versa, others here may be able to give you a more detailed response i.e. the physics behind it all
Start with a light tap and work your way up so you don't get a surprise.

Your feet also come into the equation and so does shifting your weight but thats a whole new story
 

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I was just wondering if some of you riders w/ experience please post some book for all the new riders, including myself......i'll probabley get them at the liberary, and if their good i'll buy them.......very much apreciated(sp)!!!!
 

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Quickwilly said:
slim

David L. Hough is the author of the article posted. He is very well versed on safe riding techniques, and all around good guy. I had the plesure of meeting him at the very first Sportbikes Nortwest in Stevenson, WA.

you can find both his books at most major booksellers like Walden or Barnes & Noble.

They even sell his books at the CROT up at Deals Gap. :crackup :crackup :crackup

Hope this helps
-Will
Thanks Mate ..... after a PM I found out who wrote it
:)
Opps!..... missed that bit in the first post ...... like......"derr"
anyhoo are those book stores online?
Cheerz
slim
 

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I read though's two books, "Proficient Motorcycling" and "More Proficient Motorcycling."......loved them, but i still have some questions.....

First is when i turn in corners, i tilt the bike with my weight not by counter-steering. Is that wrong. I got the whole counter-steering part but i just don't get how you can not use your body weight to turn the bike.......

I have to wait for some of the snow to melt and go practice some, it snowed some here in spokane, which sux cuz i was going to go riding today.
 

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zx_rider said:
First is when i turn in corners, i tilt the bike with my weight not by counter-steering. Is that wrong. I got the whole counter-steering part but i just don't get how you can not use your body weight to turn the bike.......
Just my .02, but you are in fact counter stearing.... you just don't realize it. If you where to lock the stearing into a straigh position, no matter how much body weight you throw into it, its not going to turn. If it does, its not going to be much.

Kieth Code actualy has a rig that demonstrates this.......he calls it the BS bike (BS=body steer).

Now....weighing the pegs and shifting your body weight will affect how the bike handles within the turn, but the two actions should be seperate.

If you like David Houghs books, you should also read all three of Kieth Codes

Twist of the Wrist
Twist of the Wrist II
The soft Science of motorcyle racing.

Mr. Code can explain the whole dynamics of turning a crapload better than I can. :) :)

Hope this helps
-Will
 

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Hey man thanks a bunch. I will definetly read though books this week. And thanks to all that helped....i'm going to do and practice some more on little twisties, oh and i'm thinking of take the MSF course here in Spokane so hopefully that will get me set on the right track.....
 

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good read...

i always ride within my means....

last year at the gap i tried to stay with the front runners but they pulled away easily... i just stayed in my little groove and kept chug-a-lugging... end result was FUN!!
 
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